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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone that took the problem of looking at both of the invoices' serial numbers would see that they had been exactly the same number, and thus one of them needed to be false.

That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid off.

1MB of transactions can technically be small as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to reach the right answer to a numeric problem. This process is also known as an evidence of work.

The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that's not true in any way. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash")  which is less than or equivalent to the hash.

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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to have a higher"hash speed," that is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much check out here Bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands.  Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations.  The photo below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine.  The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles.  Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal rod.

Case in point : I tell three friends that I'm thinking next of a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the exact number, they simply have to be the very first person to figure any number that's less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.

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Let us say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they've both technically came at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner that has done the work, i.e.

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The losing block then becomes an"orphan block." .

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Now imagine that I present the"guess what number I am thinking of" question, however I'm not asking just three friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I am asking millions of prospective miners and I am thinking of a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you useful content see that it's going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer.

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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let us unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you know, we utilize the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.

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